Microvellum Glossary

Microvellum Glossary

Listed below are common terms related to Microvellum, our software products, and the woodworking industry.  Use the table of contents to quickly jump to a section of the glossary by letter of the alphabet. 

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2D & 3D Drawing (Software Feature)
The 2D & 3D Drawing Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables all 2D & 3D drawing features within Toolbox & product libraries.
32mm System
See True 32 System.

A

Absolute System An Absolute System is a numerical control system in which all positional dimensions, both input, and feedback are given with reference to a common datum point.
ADA Sink An ADA Sink is a sink product compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) guidelines.
Adhesive An Adhesive is a substance that is capable of bonding material together by surface attachment.
Adjustable Shelf An Adjustable Shelf is a shelf part that can be moved and placed at various heights in a product.
Adjustable Shelf Hole Adjustable Shelf Holes are a series of holes that are machined on the inside of a side-part that will allow an adjustable shelf to be placed at various heights in a product.
Advanced Nest Tabbing (Software Feature)
The Advanced Nest Tabbing Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables tabbing functionality for Microvellum's part nesting optimization.
Air Dried  Air Dried lumber is stacked and stored so that it is dried naturally by exposure to air. 
Allen Head
The head of an Allen Head screw has a recess requiring a hexagon-shaped key. Used mainly on machinery, these screws are available in metric or SAE sizes.
Alphanumeric Alphanumeric characters include the letters A-Z and numerals 0-9.
Appliances Library Category The Appliances Library Category contains a collection of different kitchen appliances that can be added to a project.
Applied Panel An Applied Panel is a part that is applied, usually to the side of a cabinet, to change the appearance of the side of the cabinet.
Aprons An Apron is a cabinet part that usually runs below a countertop to give it the appearance of a drawer front.
Arched Raised Panel An Arched Raised Panel is a door type that is styled with an arched top.
Architectural Millwork  Architectural Millwork is a term that refers to the production of casework, running trim, and items such as nurse’s stations, cash wraps, etc. that require custom engineering or production.  In most cases, Architectural Millwork is associated with commercial applications, but it can refer to high-end residential as well.  In some cases, the term Architectural Millwork is used interchangeably with the term millwork.
Architectural Submittal Architectural Submittals are detailed drawings complete with plans, elevations, cross-sections, clips, and written information needed to bid a construction job or secure a contract with a general contractor, home-owner, or architectural or engineering firm.
Associative Adj Shelf Std. Associative Adj Shelf Std. is a machine token used to create adjustable shelf holes in a standard route.  This token places a route in a panel that is away from the specified face by a specified dimension.
Associative Construction Holes The Associative Construction Holes machine token is used to create construction holes in the edge and face of two panels that are touching one another.  This token drills a series of holes in the edge specified by the first argument and places a series of holes in a panel that touches the specified face.
Associative Hardware Associative Hardware is hardware that when touching a part in the drawing will add machining operations to the associated cabinet part in a product.
Associative Machining Associative Machining assigns machining operations from one cabinet part to another touching part in the same product. 
Associative Rotation The Associative Rotation parameter in the hardware tab will rotate the hardware and associative machining in the Z-origin of the hardware drawing.  Example: This parameter allows one hinge drawing to be used for both the left and right sides of a cabinet door. 
Automation Automation is the technique of making an apparatus, a process, or a system operate automatically by utilizing mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human labor.  Purchasing an item such as a CNC or software to streamline processing is a good example of Automation.
Axis An Axis is an imaginary line about which a body rotates.  Three linear axes, X, Y, and Z, at 90-degree angles from each other, are used to define a three-dimensional space in a drawing.

B

Back Saw A Back Saw is a handsaw with a rectangular blade and a reinforcing rib along the back for stability.  Types include razor saws, veneer saws, dovetail saws, and miter-box saws.
Baluster A Baluster is a molded shaft, square or circular, in stone or wood and sometimes in metal, supporting the coping of a parapet or the handrail of a staircase, an assemblage of which is known as a "balustrade".
Band Saw A Band Saw is a saw that runs a looped blade around two or three wheels. Band Saws are fitted with narrow blades for cutting freehand shapes, or with wider blades and a guide for resawing material.
Barcode Format The Barcode Format option in the tool file can be used to specify varying types of barcodes.  Different machines require different barcode formats.
Barcode Reading and Scanning Barcode Reading and Scanning offers the ability to read and pass detailed manufacturing information such as g-code file name and folder location, inventory allocations and locations, via radio frequency or hardwire to machine centers or modems.  Barcodes can be produced using a windows true type font, like "barcode 3 of 9".  Often barcodes are placed on part and or product labels for such information retrieval.
Base Assembly A Base Assembly can be constructed to accommodate a cabinet or group of cabinets and is used in place of a toe kick to support the base of the cabinet.
Base Cabinets Library Category The Base Cabinets Library Category contains products that are placed on the floor.
Base Point The Base Point is the "Anchor" point of a part.  When placing a part, the coordinates are in reference to the Base Point of the product.
Batch Processing Batch Processing is the combining of multiple work orders to create efficiencies within the manufacturing process.  Widely used in cell-based manufacturing environments. 
Bead A Bead is a small rounded, raised profile, routed along the edge of a board.
Bending Machine Token The Bending Machine Token is used to bend a part and create a curved part.
Bevel Cut A Bevel Cut is an angled cut through a board.
Biscuit Joint  A Biscuit Joint is a butt joint that is reinforced with a football-shaped "biscuit".  The biscuits are usually made from compressed pieces of wood, typically birch.  When a biscuit comes into contact with glue in the joint, it swells creating a tighter joint. Also called a plate joint.
Blind Corner Cabinet A Blind Corner Cabinet is a cabinet that is placed in a corner and partially blocked off by the cabinet that butts into it from the adjacent wall.
Blind Dado Construction Blind (Lock) Dado Construction utilizes hidden dadoes where the dado stops short of the front, back, or both to allow for edge banding.  There is no reason to use Blind Dado Construction in face frame cabinets since the face frame covers up the dado.
Block Nesting Optimization (Software Feature)
The Block Nesting Optimization Feature (module) for Microvellum Software allows specialized rectangular (block) optimization of rectangular parts for nested-based manufacturing.
Board Foot A Board Foot is a unit of volume for timber equal to 144 cubic inches, notionally twelve inches by twelve inches by one inch.
Bookmatch A Bookmatch is comprised of successive layers of veneer that are arranged side by side to resemble the mirror image of each other.
Bore To Bore is to make a hole in something, especially with a revolving tool. The diameter dimension of the hole is also referred to as the Bore.
Box Joint A Box Joint is a woodworking joint made by cutting a set of complementary, interlocking profiles in two pieces of wood, which are then joined at right angles, usually glued.
Braces Braces are corner gussets that give added strength to the entire cabinet.
Bunk of Material A Bunk of Material is a unit of several sheets of panel stock in a bundle, ¾ MDF might have 40 sheets in a bunk and ¼ MDF might have 77, buying panel stock by the bunk costs less than by the sheet.
Butt Joint A Butt Joint is a joint where the edges of two boards are against each other.

C

CAD
CAD stands for Computer-Aided Drafting or Computer-Aided Design and refers to software that enables a user to replace his drafting table with a computer screen.  Drawing a line at a time is not much faster than on paper, but the copy and editing features speed up drafting considerably.
CAD/CAM
Computer-Aided Design (CAD)/Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) is the use of computers to assist in both the development and manufacturing phases of production.
CAM
Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) is the use of software and computer-controlled machinery to automate a manufacturing process.
Cam Lock
Cam Locks have an attached arm, or cam, that rotates to lock doors and drawers.  These locks are typically used to secure access to file cabinets, desks, display cases, and vending machines to prevent theft or unauthorized use of the contents.
Cam-Connecting Bolt Construction
Cam-Connecting Bolt Construction utilizes bolts 24 or 32 mm long with wood thread on one end and a round cam connector on the adjacent part. This type of construction is used on office and residential ready to assemble (RTA) furniture.
Capacity Planning
Capacity Planning considers a combination of existing and planned orders to forecast future demand on equipment, processes, manpower, material, and cash flow.  Capacity planning often helps define temporary and or permanent bottlenecks or constraints.
Carcass
The Carcass is the case or box of a piece of furniture.  It is the rough framework and structure of the item.
Cartesian Coordinates
Cartesian Coordinates are a three-dimensional system whereby the position of a point can be defined with reference to a set of axes at right angles to each other.
Carving
A Carving is a decorative route that is carved into the face of a part.
Casework
Casework refers to either the assembled parts that make up a furniture carcass or cabinet or the techniques used to make sure those parts stay securely assembled.
Cell
A Cell is a box in a spreadsheet that can contain formulas, or hard-locked values.
Cell-Based Manufacturing
Cell-Based Manufacturing is the combining of different machines to process raw materials into finished products, i.e. panel saws, point-to-point machines, and edge banders.
Center-Line Nest
See Common-Line Cutting.
Chamfer
A Chamfer is a transitional edge between two faces of an object. Sometimes defined as a form of bevel, it is often created at a 45° angle between two adjoining right-angled faces. 
Checkbox
A Checkbox is a prompt type that allows a user to turn on or off a prompt by toggling a box selection checked or unchecked.
Clip
A Clip is a subassembly insert type that will clip the end of a cabinet and automatically add in new parts and machining.
Closet Rod
A Closet Rod straight, round rod installed in a cabinet to hold clothes hangers.
Closure Panel
A Closure Panel is a cabinet part that is usually placed on the top of upper cabinets to fill in the gap between the ceiling and an upper cabinet.
CNC
CNC stands for Computer Numeric Control.  In the early years of automation, machines were simply Numeric Controlled.  A series of letter codes, such as G, M, T, followed by a number or two, were used to give a machine a specific instruction, i.e. move the ½” router bit 12" in the x-direction and 16" in the y-direction.  The operators fed these codes into the machine 1 at a time.  Then punched paper tapes were used to feed the instruction lines to the machine.  Now a computer stores and passes them to the machine.
CNC Auto-Labeling (Software Feature)
The CNC Auto-Labeling Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables output for CNC machines equipped with auto-labeling capabilities.
CNC Horizontal Boring Machine Code Output (Software Feature)
The CNC Horizontal Boring Machine Code Output Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables CNC horizontal boring machine code output.
CNC Machine Code Generation (Software Feature)
The CNC Machine Code Generation Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables CNC machine-specific g-code and individual part g-code program generation.
CNC Router
A CNC Router is a machine that performs functions such as drilling, grooving, and routing on an object, part, or material sheet.  These machines operate on a language called g-code.  Programs may be written at the machine via the controller and or with a CAD/CAM if one is installed on the machine.  
Combobox
A Combobox is a prompt type that allows the user to select an option from a drop-down menu.
Common Line Cutting (Software Feature) The Common Line Cutting Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables parts to be optimized and machined by following a common line tool path between parts.  Common Line Cutting can reduce machine cycle times by as much as 40%.
Common Parts Library
A file in library designer that contains all the parts that the products use.
Common Tool Number
A common tool number is the ability to assign one tool number to a machining part in Microvellum and then reference specific tools in different tool files with that number.
Compound Miter
An angled cut to both the edge and face of a board, most common use is with crown molding.
Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) refers to the use of computer-controlled machinery and automation systems in manufacturing products.  CIM combines various technologies like computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) to provide an error-free manufacturing process that reduces manual labor and automates repetitive tasks.
Concave
To be Concave is to be hollowed or rounded inward like the inside of a bowl.
Configuration File
A Configuration File is a file stored in the Microvellum root directory that contains the paths and settings for that Microvellum configuration.  There can be many Configuration Files on one computer.
Configure AutoCAD File
The Configure AutoCAD File is a file stored in the Microvellum root directory that will automatically configure Microvellum inside of AutoCAD.
Confirmat Screw
A Confimat Screw is a long screw with a coarse wood thread used for ease of assembly and disassembly of case furniture. 
Construction Hole
A Construction Hole is a hole used to hold two parts together.  These holes are usually applied to the edge of a part and associate to the face of another part.
Control Type
Control Type is a term used to describe the different prompts that can be used in the prompts interface.
Controller 
A Controller, known as the “black box” of a CNC machine, is the brain of the machine.  Data fed to the controller instructs the machine how to move and perform operations.
Convex
To be Convex is to have an outline or surface curved like the exterior of a circle or sphere.
Cope-and-Stick Joint
The Cope-and-Stick Joint for cabinet doors is made with a mortise and tenon joint.  This joint features a tongue-in grove type design where the top and bottom frame section tabs fit into the corresponding grooves cut into the side frame sections.
Corner Cabinet Library Category
The Corner Cabinet Library Category contains products that are specially designed to fit in the corner of a room.
Cost-Based Estimating (Software Feature)
The Cost-Based Estimating Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables the calculation of the cost of your products based on the cost of resources - labor, cost of materials, machining processes, etc.
Counter Top Build Up
A Counter Top Build Up is a counter-top part that is placed below the front of the main deck.  This part's size can be changed in the prompts of the product.
Countersink
A Countersink is a tool that allows you to drill a hole so that the head of a screw will sit flush with the face of a board.
Countertop Support Bracket
A Countertop Support Bracket is a product that is placed underneath a counter-top to help support the countertop.
Cross-Cut 
A Cross-Cut is a cut that runs across the board perpendicular to the grain.
Cross Section
A Cross Section is a view from the side of the cabinet as if the cabinet were sliced from front to back.
Cupping
Cupping is when the edges of a board bend with the grain away from the center to form a concave shape.
Custom CSV File Import (Software Feature)
The Custom CSV File Import Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables custom parts file import functionality.
Custom DXF File Generation (Software Feature)
The Custom DXF File Generation Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables custom DXF file format generation.
Custom Manufacturing
Custom Manufacturing is the production of non-standard items, such as cabinets in special size or configuration (e.g. fixtures, die walls).
Custom One-Off
A Custom One-Off is a custom item that is job-specific and likely never to be produced in the exact same configuration again.  An example would be a nurse’s station that has specific requirements for a hospital second floor where the curvature of the front of the nurse's station follows the overhead soffit.
Cut Parts Tab
The Cut Parts Tab is a spreadsheet tab that contains all the information for the parts of a product.
Cutlisting
Cutlisting is a term used by many manufactures which is simply either a report that shows all of the cut parts required separated by material or the process of manually calculating the part sizes of a job and or product.
CutRiteV7.xls File
The CutRiteV7.xls File is a file stored in the Microvellum root directory that is used to link Microvellum processed data into a Cut Rite database file.  This file can be modified so specific information can be placed in the Cut Rite database file.
Cutter Offset
The Cutter Offset is the distance from the cutter surface to the axial center of a cutter (i.e. the radius of the cutter).
Cutter Path
The Cutter Path is the path traveled by the center of the cutter.

D

Dado
A Dado is a groove in the face of a board, usually to accept another board at 90 degrees.
Dbl Arched Raised Panel
The Dbl Arched Raised Panel is a door style that contains a border all the way around the door with an arch at the top and bottom of the door.
Die Wall
A Die Wall is a product that is built to look like a short wall and typically contains a countertop.
DIM (Dimension) AutoCAD Command
An AutoCAD command that allows you to select two points and returns the distance between those points.  DIM creates multiple dimensions and types of dimensions with a single command.  You can select objects or points on objects to dimension, and then click to place the dimension line. When you hover over an object, the DIM command automatically generates a preview of a suitable dimension type to use.
Dimension Styles
Dimension can be set up with Dimension styles.  These styles allow you to change the appearance and style of a dimension drawn in AutoCAD.
Direct Labor
Direct Labor refers to the labor required that is actually adding value or performing operations on a part, product, or job.  Direct labor is generally considered to be a profit center. 
Divider
A Divider is a cabinet part that divides the cabinet along the width of the cabinet.
Division
A Division is a cabinet part that divides the cabinet along the depth of the cabinet.
Door
A Door is a cabinet part that opens and closes to conceal the inside of a cabinet.
Door Lock
A Door Lock is a hardware piece that is used to lock a door.
Door Wing
The Door Wing is the part of a hinge that attaches to the cabinet door.
Double Pass
Double Pass is a term used in many different scenarios.  In general, it means that two passes of a router bit are required.  This can refer to both the width of a route or depth.  The double pass term used in a dado is almost always referring to the width of the dado.  If you have a .25" bit but require a .5" route width, a double pass is used to "clean" out the entire area for the associated par.  This is usually done with a "U" shaped route.  When nesting, a double pass is almost always referring to the depth of the route.  When routing smaller parts, a double pass is usually desired to help hold parts on the machine.  The router bit will route around the part, almost cutting all the way through the part, then come back to clean out and cut the part free of the panel.  Double pass when referring to nesting is also called Onion Skinning.  Double pass settings in a nest can be set in the tool file settings tab.  
Dovetail Joint
A Dovetail Joint is a joint where the fingers are shaped like a dove's tail.  This type of joint is used to join pieces at 90 degrees.
Dowel
A Dowel is a wooden pin that is used to align and hold two adjoining pieces together.
Dowel Center 
A Dowel Center is a metal button that fits into a predrilled dowel hole to mark the position for drilling another part.
Drafting
Drafting is the act and discipline of composing diagrams that communicate how something functions or is to be constructed.
Drawer Bank Cabinets Library Category
The Drawer Bank Cabinets Library Category contains products that include a bank of drawers.
Drawer Division
A Drawer Division is a cabinet part that is used to separate two drawers that are side-by-side.  Sometimes construction methods call for double Drawer Divisions where two of these parts are placed between the drawers.
Drawer Front
A Drawer Front is a cabinet part that is attached to a drawer box and contains hardware to open the drawer.
Drawer Front Grain Direction
Drawer Front Grain Direction is a way to change the direction that drawer fronts are placed on a panel or nest so the grain is running vertically or horizontally. 
Drawer Lock
A Drawer Lock is a hardware piece that is used to fasten a drawer so that it will not open.  Operated by a key the Door Lock can be disengaged to allow the drawer to open.
Drawer Slides
Drawer Slides are a set of two hardware pieces that are used to allow a drawer to roll in and out of a cabinet.
Drawer-Door Cabinets Library Category
The Drawer-Door Cabinets Library Category contains products with drawers above a door.
Drawing Template
A Drawing Template is a drawing file that is used to create new drawing files in AutoCAD.  A drawing template can be modified by the user and is pathed in the Microvellum options under the "AutoCAD" tab.  A template must also be used to start a new drawing and a template must contain correct layers and dimension styles to work with Microvellum products and commands.
Drawing Tokens
A Drawing Token can be assigned to a cabinet part in Microvellum to draw in 2D or 3D.  Drawing tokens can be assigned in the "Drawing Tokens" tab in the product properties screen.
Drill Pecking
Drill Pecking is multiple plunges of a drill on the same hole going deeper each time to save the wear and tear of the drill bit.
DXF
AutoCAD DXF (Drawing eXchange Format) is a CAD data file format developed by Autodesk for enabling data interoperability between AutoCAD and other programs.
DXF File for Enroute (Toolbox Module)
The DXF File for Enroute Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables a DXF file generation specifically for Enroute® software.
DXF File Generation (Toolbox Module)
The DXF File Generation Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables standard DXF file generation for all parts.

E

Edgebander
An Edgebander is a machine that automatically applies edge material to a part and trims any overages.  Edgebanding is used on most parts in a European or frameless method of construction, but used seldom in modular and full-length face frame strategies of production.
Edgebander Premill
The Edgebander Premill is the amount of material that an edge bander deducts from the edge of a part.
Edgebanding
Edgebanding is material placed on the edge of a part or countertop.  A wide range of material can be placed on the edge such as real hardwood lumber, strips of plastic laminate, rolls of PVC tape, and more.
Edit Box
An Edit Box is a prompt that allows you to input information.
Elbow Catch
An Elbow Catch is a hardware piece used to lock both doors in a two-door scenario.
Elevational Section
An Elevational Section is a combination of a cross-section, with elevations of other parts of the building seen beyond the section plane.  Geometrically, a cross-section is a horizontal orthographic projection of a building onto a vertical plane, with the vertical plane cutting through the building.
Elevations
An Elevation is an orthographic projection drawing that shows one side of a product or cabinet.  The purpose of an elevation drawing is to show the finished appearance of a given side of the cabinet and furnish vertical height dimensions. 
End Panel
An End Panel is a cabinet part that attaches to the side of a cabinet. Often decorative, the End Panel provides a finished look for the exposed side of a cabinet.
Entry Speed
The Entry Speed is the speed at which a router or drill bit enters a panel to begin machining.
Epoxy
An Epoxy is a two-part adhesive that forms when you mix epoxy resin and hardener.  The two substances are stored in different containers and are only mixed together when ready for gluing.  Epoxy is highly versatile and extremely strong.  It can be sanded, drilled, and painted.  This gives it a much wider range of uses than standard glue.
Estimation
Estimation is the process of analyzing available data to predict the time, cost, and resources needed to complete a project.  Typically, project estimation includes scope, time-frames, budget, and risks.
European Hinge
A European Hinge is a hidden style hinge fastened to the door with a cup hole.
European (Frameless) Cabinets
European (Frameless) Cabinets have no front frame.  The doors are attached directly to the sides of the cabinet.  This style of cabinet offers the advantage of completely unobstructed access to the cabinet interior because there is no front frame.
Extruded Cabinets Library Category
The Extruded Cabinets Library Category contains products that are designed to follow a polyline.

F

Face 5 Machining
Face 5 Machining is machining that is applied to the top face of a part.  Face 5 Machining is displayed as green machining operations on a 2D panel.
Face 6 Machining
Face 6 Machining is machining that is applied to the bottom face of a part.  Face 6 Machining is displayed as red machining operations on a 2D panel.
Face Frame
The Face Frame of a cabinet is a frame around the front of the cabinet opening to which the door is attached.
Face Frame Semi-Concealed Hinges
On Face Frame Semi-Concealed Hinges the frame wing is visible and the door wing is concealed when the cabinet door is closed.
Face Veneer
Face Veneer is a high-quality veneer that is used for the exposed surfaces on plywood.
Feed Rate Feed Rate is the velocity at which the cutter is fed, that is, advanced against the workpiece. It is expressed in units of distance per revolution for turning and boring.
Feed Rate Override
Feed Rate Override is a variable manual control function that allows the control system to increase or reduce programmed feed rates.
Fence
A Fence is a guide on a tool such as a table saw or router table designed to keep material a set parallel distance from the blade or cutter. 
Field
A Field is a section on a machining center where a part can be machined.  Usually, a machine contains two fields, a normal field and mirrored field each with a unique name.
Field Verification
Field Verification is the process of taking onsite measurements to approve or create designs and/or drawings before the manufacturing of products.  Sometimes templates and/or rough lines drawing are created at the worksite and brought back to the design departments.  Most custom shops, especially those in the commercial market, verify the dimensions of the install location. 
File Drawers
File Drawers are drawer boxes that are tall to hold file folders.  Machining for drawer slides on file drawers sometimes differs from that of regular drawers. 
Filler
A Filler is a small piece of wood that is used to fill in gaps between cabinets and walls OR a substance that is used the fill pores and irregularities on the surface of material before applying a finishing coat.
Fillet
A Fillet is a machining operation that will round the corner of a part to a specified radius.
Finger Joint
A Finger Joint, also known as a comb joint, is a woodworking joint made by cutting a set of complementary, interlocking profiles in two pieces of wood, which are then glued.  The cross-section of the joint resembles the interlocking of fingers between two hands.
Finished End
A Finished End is a cabinet part that acts as a cabinet side with a finish material on the outside of the part.  
Finished Leg
A Finished Leg is a part that is usually placed under a countertop to both support the countertop and provide a finished end.
Five-Piece Door
A Five-Piece Door is a door that is created using 5 pieces.  A top and bottom rail, left and right stile, and a middle slab.
Fixed Shelf
A Fixed Shelf is a shelf part in a product that cannot be moved.
Fixture Manufacturer
A Fixture Manufacturer produces retail or point of purchase “POP” fixtures (ex. Clothing displays), restaurant fixtures (ex. Booth, salad bars), or display fixtures (ex. Trade show booths).  In many cases, these fixtures are complex products made of many parts but are often produced in large quantities.  For example, a retail fixture manufacture might land an account with a chain retail store to produce a display for their jeans which would mean that at least one fixture would be required per store.
Flat Table Router
A Flat Table Router is a CNC machine with a flatbed enabling parts and or sheets to be placed on it for processing.  Typically vacuum holds the parts in place while they are machined.  Unless special fixtures and or pods are used, horizontal processing such as drilling and routing is not possible.  These machines are also often referred to as machining centers or nested-based machines.
Flush
Flush is when two adjoining surfaces are perfectly even with one another. See Proud and Shy.
Flush (Full Inset) Hinges
Flush (Full Inset) Hinges have both wings of the hinge mounted to the inside surfaces of the cabinet door and frame, concealing both wings and leaving the knuckle exposed.
Fluted Column
A Fluted Column has grooves (or channels) along the length of the column. There are usually several such flutes running parallel to the length of the column.
Formula Enabled Hidden Prompt
A Formula Enabled Hidden Prompt is a prompt that is controlled by a formula that will turn on an edit box or not be displayed at all.
Frame Wing
A Frame Wing is the part of a hinge that attaches to the cabinet frame.
Framed Door
The Framed Door style contains a section routed out of the center to allow something to be inserted.
Framed Glass Door
The Framed Glass Door style contains a section routed out of the center to allow glass to be placed in the center.
Front Stretcher
A Front Stretcher is a cabinet part that is placed at the front of the cabinet and runs between two of the sides that is the inside width of the cabinet.  This part helps support the cabinet.
Full Applied
Full Applied is a construction method where the back part is applied to the top, sides, and bottom parts.
Full Capture
Full Capture is a construction method where the back part is captured by the sides, top and bottom.
Full Extension Drawer Slide
A Full Extension Drawer Slide is drawer slide hardware that allows the drawer to be completely exposed.
Full Wrap-Around Hinge
A Full Wrap-Around Hinge has a frame wing that wraps three sides of the frame and screws to the inside edge.

G

Gable
A Gable is the side of a cabinet.
G-Code
G-code is the programming language used by most CNC machines. G-code instructions are sent to the machine controller and dictate how the machine will perform machining operations.
Global Variable
A Global Variable is a variable that will change the entire job.
Good-One-Side Plywood
Good-One-Side Plywood has one side patched solid and sanded, the other side will be rough and have open knot holes.
Grain
Grain is the appearance, size, and direction of the alignment of the fibers of the wood.
Grain Matching
Grain Matching is a term used in custom woodworking that is sometimes required so that the doors or panels appear to be cut out of the same veneer or wood-grained material as if they were arranged right next to one another.  An example cabinet would appear like all the doors and drawer fronts on the face of a cabinet were cut out of the same piece of veneer, with only the lines between them breaking the surface.  Microvellum does this automatically in both saw optimization and nesting. 
Grommet Hole
A Grommet Hole is a large hole drilled through a countertop to allow for wires to pass through. 
Gum Pocket
A Gum Pocket is an excessive local accumulation of resin or gum in a piece of wood. 

H

Hardware Parts Tab
The Hardware Parts Tab is a spreadsheet tab that contains all the hardware information for a product.
Hardwood
Hardwood is lumber from a group of trees with broad leaves.
Hatch Polyline
A Hatch Polyline is a closed polyline route that is completely cleaned out but doesn't go all the way through the panel.
Hidden Prompts
Hidden Prompts are prompts that are not displayed on the prompts interface.
High-Pressure Laminate
High-Pressure Laminate (HPL) sometimes referred to as Formica is a 1/16 laminate that is glued to particle board substrate on many countertops.
Hinge
A Hinge is a piece of hardware that connects the door to the cabinet side and allows it to swing open.
Hinge Cup Holes
A Hinge Cup Hole is a round hole machined to fit a hinge that is placed on a door.
Horizontal Boring Machine
A Horizontal Boring Machine is a machine that performs drilling operations on the edge of a panel. Many also insert dowels after drilling the part’s edge.
Horizontal Drilling
Horizontal Drilling is machining that is assigned to the edge of a cabinet.  Horizontal machining is usually done on an offline machine.
Horned Dado
A Horned Dado is created on a stacked head dado cutter, when the outside blades on some sets cut a little deeper than the inside blades, resulting in the cut having little "horns" on either side.

I

IF AND Statements
An IF AND Statement is an Excel function. The AND statement allows multiple conditions instead of just one like the standard IF statement.  The AND statement will evaluate as true when both conditions are true.
IF OR Statement
An IF OR Statement is an Excel function.  Just like the AND statement, the OR statement looks to two conditions and is used in conjunction with the IF statement.  The OR statement will evaluate as true when either or both conditions are true.
IF Statement
An IF Statement is an Excel function.  The IF statement evaluates a condition.  If the condition is true the expression will return one specified value, and if the condition is false the expression will return another specified value.
IF Statement, Nested
A Nested IF Statement is made possible by the formula syntax that allows an IF Statement to be set as the return value of another IF Statement, thereby allowing the statements to be "nested" many layers deep.
Imperial
The Imperial system of measurement is based on units of inches.
Import from On-Screen Takeoff® (Software Feature)
The Import from On-Screen Takeoff® Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables import functionality for On-screen Takeoff® software.
Indirect Labor
Indirect Labor is a term referring to the labor or personnel performing a function that is not directly related to production output.  Indirect labor would be office staff or someone sweeping the floor.  For most companies, the objective is to keep indirect labor at a minimum because it is considered the cost of doing business rather than a profit center.
INI File
See configuration file.
Inset Doors
Inset Doors are cabinet doors that are set inside the opening of a cabinet instead of overlaying the opening.
Inset Drawer Front
An Inset Drawer Front is a drawer front that is placed between the sides of a cabinet instead of being applied to the front of the cabinet.
Inset Hinges
On Inset Hinges the frame wing is visible when the cabinet door is closed and the door wing is concealed and extends into the frame cavity.
Integral or Full-Length Face Frame
Integral or Full-Length Face Frame is cabinetry built as one large cabinet with multiple openings and partitions placed between the openings.  The face frame, top and bottom rails, top, and bottom shelves span several openings of the cabinet.  Using this method requires machining on both faces of interior vertical panels (dividers) and cannot be accomplished on CNC machines without flipping the parts and running the other side which is labor intensive.
Integrated Post Processor (Software Feature)
The Integrated Post Processor Feature (module) for Microvellum Software activates Microvellum's Internal Post Processor for the creation of machine-specific g-code for one unique machine type.
Intermediate Stretcher
An Intermediate Stretcher is a stretcher that is placed at the front of the cabinet below the front stretcher, usually placed below a drawer box.
Inventory Control
Inventory Control involves location and tracking of raw material and buyouts throughout the manufacturing process.  This information is used to generate reorder, job costing, scrap reports, etc.

J

Job Costing
Job Costing is the application of cost (Material, Labor, Overhead) to a project during and after the manufacturing process.  Often compared to the project estimation in order to establish true profit margins.
Job Shop
A Job Shop generally produces products for a specific job, not for inventory.  Often referred to as a custom shop, Job Shops commonly produce custom one-off items that will likely never be reproduced.
Jobs
The Microvellum Jobs folder contains global variables, materials files, cut files, and manufacturing information.

K

Kerf
Kerf is the width of a saw cut, determined by the thickness and set of the blade.
Kickback
Kickback is when a workpiece is thrown back by a cutting tool. Kickback can be prevented by employing anti-kickback devices on table saws and other power tools.
Kitchen Showroom
A Kitchen Showroom is a display room that presents products from a variety of manufacturers.  Often kitchen showrooms use software technology to create a visual presentation for a customer.
Knuckle
A Knuckle is the part of a hinge that connects the frame wing to the door wing and allows the hinge to rotate.

L

Labels On-Demand
Labels On-Demand is a system of both hardware and software for printing part labels one at a time or a group at a time on the shop floor near the cutting equipment, either a CNC router or saw.  The part label provides information about what product the part belongs to, how it is finished and machined, and sometimes includes a bar code.  
Laminate
Laminate is the product of bonding layers together in plywood.
Lazy Susan
A Lazy Susan is a piece of hardware that is placed in a cabinet, takes the place of a shelf, and can spin around.
Lead-In
A Lead-In is a short line that is added to a machining operation to lead a router bit into a panel gradually.  A ramping motion is applied to this line so the router starts at the surface of the material and slowly moves to the depth required for the routing operation.
Lead-Out
A Lead-Out is a short line that is added to a machining operation to lead a router bit out of a panel gradually.  A ramping motion is applied to this line so the router starts at the depth of the routing operation and slowly moves up to the surface of the material.
Left EP
Left EP is the left end panel of a cabinet.
Leg Leveler
A Leg Leveler is a piece of hardware that is placed below a cabinet and acts as a leg that can be adjusted to level the cabinet.
Library Designer
Library Designer is a Microvellum tool used by engineers to quickly make sweeping changes to groups of prompts, sub-assemblies, parts, products, and more.
Lock
A Lock is a piece of hardware that is used to fasten a drawer or door so that it will not open.  Operated by a key the Lock can be disengaged to allow the drawer or door to open.
Lock Dado
A Lock Dado is a modified version of dado construction where the edge of a dadoed part is routed out to provide a finished look.
Look-Up Table
A Look-Up Table uses a function to look up a value from a table in an Excel spreadsheet.

M

Machine Origin
The Machine Origin is a point assigned to a part that is used as the 0,0 origin for all machining, determining how a part will be placed on a Point-2-Point machine and how it will be rotated in the nest.  The Machine Point can be changed in the product properties of a part and assigned to any corner of a part.
Machining Center
A Machining Center is a CNC machine tool that is capable of performing automatically any or all of the functions of storing, selecting, and changing the various cutting tools required at different stages of a manufacturing process.
Machining Tab
The Machining Tab is a tab in the spreadsheet that contains all of the overflow machining tokens.  Tokens will automatically be populated on this page after the 10th token is added to a part.
Machining Token
A Machining Token is a Microvellum specific code that is used to assign machining to a part.
Magnetic Catch
A Magnetic Catch is a piece of hardware that holds a door in place using magnets.  The door is released when pressure is applied to the part.
Material File
The Material File is the Microvellum file that contains the material inventory and material pointers of a job.  This file is stored in the template folder and copied into each job.
Material Inventory
Material Inventory includes the materials that are available for a job.
Material Pointer Groups
Material Pointer Groups provide the ability to group material pointers and change the material inventory for all material pointers.
Material Pointers
Material Pointers are used to create a dynamic link between the material inventory and a part.
Material Procurement Report
A Material Procurement Report shows all the main items needed for a production run and typically includes sheet stock, solid stock, hardware, edgebanding, and other buy out items based on what is purchased versus what is produced in-house.
Max Span
Max Span is the acceptable dimension of a part before a thicker material is used.
MDF
MDF or Medium-Density Fiberboard is a very stable underlay for countertops to be covered with laminate.
MDF Doors
MDF Doors are a slab of MDF machined on a router to look like a raised panel door.  The good face and edge machining characteristics of MDF make it an excellent choice for painted cabinet doors. 
Melamine
Melamine is a very thin material used on cabinet shelves and drawer and door surfaces to cover the substrate of either particleboard or MDF.  Many confuse Melamine with High-Pressure Laminate but HPL is thicker and much more durable.
Metric
The Metric system of measurement is based on units of millimeters.
MicroManager
See Production.
Microvellum
Microvellum is a US company based in Central Point, Oregon that develops and supports software technologies for the woodworking industry.  Microvellum provides a powerful, AutoCAD-based software platform to help wood product manufacturers streamline their design, drafting, estimating, engineering, and manufacturing workflows.
Microvellum Optimizer
The Microvellum Optimizer analyzes parts in a job and processes them to create a nest with the best possible yield. 
Microwave Cabinet
A Microwave Cabinet is a product designed with a space to fit a Microwave appliance.
Millwork
Millwork is the production of wood moldings or running trim, turnings, windows, stairs, entry doors, and/or other such products generally composed of solid wood stock.
Mirrored Part
A Mirrored Part is a cabinet part that is machined in the mirrored zone.
Mirrored Zone
A Mirrored Zone is a field on a machining center where mirrored parts are machined.
Miter
A Miter on the edge of a part is when the edge has been machined at an angle, typically 45 degrees. 
Miter Box
A Miter Box is an apparatus used to guide a saw to cut a mitered edge.
Miter Gauge
A Miter Gauge is a guide with an adjustable head that attaches to a power tool table to cut material at an angle.
Miter Joint
A Miter Joint is a joint created by connecting the mitered edges of two parts.
Model Space 
Model Space is the virtual 3D workspace environment where you can create drawings or models in AutoCAD.
Molding (Moulding)
Molding is a strip of material with a profile cut on the facing edges, used for trimming.
Mortise
A Mortise is a cavity or hole cut out of a part to allow a tenon to pass through as part of a mortise and tenon joint.
Mortise and Tenon Joint
A Mortise and Tenon Joint joinery technique where the tenon from one board fits into the mortise of another. 
Mounting Plate Holes
Mounting Plate Holes are machining holes placed on the inside of a cabinet and used for the hardware mounting plate piece of a door hinge.
Mullion
A Mullion is a slender, upright intermediate member that subdivides an opening, as a division between panes of a window or between adjacent windows.

N

Nailer
See Wall Cleat.
Nest
A Nest is a group of parts laid out on a sheet of material meant for separation by a CNC machine.  There are two basic types of nests, block nests look at the rectangular geometry of a part regardless of its shape and True-shaped nests that are able to nest parts within parts and to account for the actual part geometry.
Nested Based Machine
A Nested Based Machine is a CNC machine that has a flat table for placement of parts and or sheets and is used to machine nested parts.  In most cases, sheets of material are placed on the bed and the CNC processes the parts and finally separates them for further processing and or assembly.
Nested IF Statement
See IF Statement, Nested.
Nested Part Labels
A Nested Part Label is a label that is produced for a part that has been processed for nesting.
Nested-Based Manufacturing
Nested-Based Manufacturing is the manufacturing process of full sheets on a flat tabled CNC router.  It provides the ability to cut multiple parts to size, groove, and drill in one operation.
Nesting
See Nested-Based Manufacturing.
Nominal Size
Nominal Size is the rough dimension of a finished piece of material.  For example, what is referred to as a 2 X 4 is actually 1 1/2" X 3 1/2".
Normal Zone
The Normal Zone is a field on a machining center where parts are not mirrored or placed in the mirrored field.

O

Offset (Tool)
An Offset is a displacement in the axial direction of the tool that is equal to the difference between the actual tool length and the programmed tool length.
Ogee
An Ogee is a part or molding cut to an S-shaped profile.
On-Demand Labeling (Software Feature)
The On-Demand Labeling Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables access to the label, pattern preview, and printing interfaces for sawing or nesting applications.  *For shop-based label printing at your CNC-enabled saw(s) or router(s), a stand-alone license of Microvellum Production is required for each station that does not require AutoCAD.
Onion Skin
An Onion Skin is produced when a machine is set to cut out the parts in a nest using a double pass.  The first pass cuts almost all the way through the material but leaves a thin layer (Onion Skin) to be cleared out by the second cut.
Open Cabinets
Open Cabinets are products with interiors that are exposed.  Open cabinets usually require finished material on the inside and outside of the parts.
Optimization
Optimization is the action of making the best or most effective use of a situation or resource.  An example of Optimization is the sorting of manufactured parts by material and arranging those parts in cut patterns to create optimum material usage.  
Optimizer
An Optimizer is a software application that takes into account the number of single parts and determines the best method of stacking and organizing those parts in order to achieve the best possible material yield and or cutting speed.  More sophisticated optimizers also have the ability to grain match and generate parts labels.
Origin
The Origin of a drawing is the point at the 0,0,0 location of the drawing.
Overhead
Overhead is the cost of labor, equipment, buildings, and other such items that are generally a fixed cost to the business and must be considered when estimating a price for producing a job.
Overlay Doors
Overlay Doors extend past and cover part of the face frame.  The exposed face frame is referred to as the “reveal.” 
Overlay Hinges
On Overlay Hinges the frame wing wraps two sides of the frame and allows the door to overlap the frame.

P

Panel Saw 
A Panel Saw is a machine whose primary purpose is to cut parts from a sheet of material.
Paper Space
Paper Space is the AutoCAD environment used to manage what printed pages will look like.  It includes tools to open, size, and arrange several different Model Space views on the same page.  These Model Space views can be of the same project or of different ones.  Also available is a 2D drawing environment that works as a transparent overlay to the Model Space views.  Most title blocks and page borders are drawn or inserted in this Paper Space environment.
Part Labeling (Software Feature)
The Part Labeling Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables the generation of individual labels for all parts.
Part Labels
Part Labels are labels that are placed on a part after it has been cut on a machine or saw.  The labels contain information needed in the shop such as material type, edge banding info, part name, and the product it goes to.
Part Properties
Part Properties is a Microvellum command that displays all the parts in a product and their properties.
Partial Captured BackPartial Captured Back is a construction method where the backs are captured by the sides only.
Partial Wrap-Around Hinge
On a Partial Wrap-Around Hinge the frame wing wraps two sides of the frame and screws to the edge.
Particle Board
Particle Board is a material manufactured from wood particles and bound together with glue.
Parts File Custom Output (Software Feature)
The Parts File Custom Output Feature for Microvellum Software Enables a custom parts file to be generated.
Parts List for Ardis® (Software Feature)
The Parts List for Ardis® Feature for Microvellum Software enables the creation of part files specifically for ARDIS® software.
Parts List for Bluecell® (Software Feature)
The Parts List for Bluecell® Feature for Microvellum Software enables the creation of part files specifically for Bluecell® from Eurosoft.
Parts List for Cut Rite® (Software Feature)
The Parts List for Cut Rite® Feature for Microvellum Software Enables the creation of part files specifically for Cut Rite® software.
Parts List for Schelling® HPO (Software Feature)
The Parts List for Schelling® HPO Feature for Microvellum Software enables the creation of part files specifically for Schelling® HPO saws.
Parts File
A Parts File is a "clipboard" that is used to move parts from one product to another.
Parts List
The Parts List is a list of parts and formulas that can be accessed from the spreadsheet using the "Show Parts List" command.
Perfect Graining
Perfect Graining is the placement of doors and drawer fronts in a nest or optimization so the grain of adjacent parts is continuous from one to another. 
Perfect Graining at Nest (Software Feature)
The Perfect Graining at Nest Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables advanced nesting algorithms to optimize parts based on grain direction.
Perfect Graining for Ardis® (Software Feature)
The Perfect Graining for Ardis® Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables graining information to be passed to Ardis®.
Perfect Graining for Cut Rite® (Software Feature)
The Perfect Graining for Cut Rite® Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables graining information to be passed to Cut Rite®.
Perfect Graining for Microvellum Saw Optimizer (Software Feature)
The Perfect Graining for Microvellum Saw Optimizer Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables advanced sawing algorithms to optimize parts base on grain direction.
Perfect Graining for Schelling® HPO (Software Feature)
The Perfect Graining for Schelling® HPO Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables graining information to be passed to Schelling® HPO.
Phase
A Phase is a new drawing or spreadsheet that allows you to separate jobs into different sections.
Phase Release Manager
Phase Release Manager is a Microvellum tool that allows for the release of products for manufacturing by a release number and the ability to see what products have been processed.
Pie Cut Base
A Pie Cut Base is a library product designed to fit in a corner.
Pin
A Pin is a piece of hardware that holds the two wings of a hinge together.
Plan Section
A Plan Section will cut through the cabinet from the left side to the right side, parallel to the floor (XY Plane), and generates a view from the top of the cabinet.
Plan View
A Plan View is a drawing of a room or project as seen from the top looking down, also referred to as a bird’s eye view.
P-Lam
Plastic Laminate (P-Lam) is a thin decorative material applied to the surface of kitchen counters, cabinetry, and furniture.  Often made to look like more expensive materials, Plastic Laminate is available in all different colors, textures, and finishes. 
PLINE (2D Polyline)
PLINE is an AutoCAD command that creates a 2D Polyline which is a connected sequence of segments created as a single planar object.  You can create straight-line segments, arc segments, or a combination of the two.
Plumb
To be Plumb is to be perfectly vertical or perpendicular to the earth relative to gravity. 
Plumb Bob
A Plumb Bob is a weighted head that hangs from the end of a string that will give you a line that is plumb, or straight up and down.
Plunge Router
A Plunge Router is a tool with a cutter that can be pushed down (plunged) a set depth into a material.
Plywood
Plywood is glued wood paneling made up of thin layers of wood laid at right angles to each other.
Pocket Hole 
A Pocket Hole is a hole drilled on an angle with a step bit to make a butt joint.  The larger hole is for the screw head to enter, and the smaller hole is for the shank.
Pocket Mortise
A Pocket Mortise is a part of Mortise and Tennon construction where a pocket route is placed on a panel for another part to be inserted into.
Pod
A Pod is a machine part of a Point-2-Point machine that holds the cabinet part in place while the part is being machined.
Point 2 Point
A Point 2 Point machine is a CNC machine that processes single parts one at a time.  Vacuum pods hold the part in place while it is being machined. The Point 2 Point adds machining for panel fittings, drawer slides, hinges, etc.
Post Laminate
Post Laminate is when the laminate is applied to a part after the part is cut on a saw or CNC machine.
Post Processor
Post Processor is a machine-specific strategy for creating g-code that enables a CNC machine to operate.  Other names include post and tool file.  Each CNC machine requires a Post Processor because it deals with all machine-specific options including size, head configuration, controller type, and a number of other variables unique to the machine.
Primary Wood
Primary Wood is the wood that is on the main or primary surfaces of a piece of furniture.  This is the premium wood of the cabinet.
Print Ardis Parts Labels with Microvellum (Software Feature)
The Print Ardis Parts Labels with Microvellum Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables users to print part labels generated by Ardis® for optimized parts in Microvellum Software.
Processing Center (Software Feature)
The Processing Center Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables access to the UI for processing all projects, defining processing stations, and generating reports.
Processing Reports
Processing Reports is the procedure used to create reports for products in a job.  Processing reports can also produce single part g-code files, and optimization reports.
Product Labeling (Software Feature)
The Product Labeling Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables the generation of individual labels for all products.
Product Labels
Product Labels are labels stuck on a completed product before being sent to the job site.  They provide identification of assembled items by product type, job, or contract and are often used in job tracking, cost analysis, and shipping.
Product Library
A Product Library is a customizable collection of products, each built from parts, subassemblies, prompts, and formulas that can be added to projects in Microvellum.
Product List
The Product List is the "Spreadsheet" view of the products in Overdrive Pro.
Product Origin
The Product Origin is the 0,0,0 coordinates of a product.  This is the point that all the parts in the product referenced from.
Product Starters (Library Category)
The Product Starters Library Category contains carcass products that are used to create custom products.  Subassembly inserts are used to build these products.
Production (Software Product)
Production (a.k.a. MicroManager) is a Microvellum software product that includes functions such as shop floor data collection, inventory control, scheduling, capacity planning, purchasing/receiving, all tied back to accounting.  It is the only management system on the market that is driven from a single database.  In other words, MicroManager uses the Microvellum database, eliminating the need for a separately configured and matched database.
Profile
A Profile is a shape that is applied to the edge of a part to give it a more decorative look. 
Project Costing & Estimating Reports (Software Feature)
The Project Costing & Estimating Reports Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables access to Mircovellum's Activity Station Setup and Reporting functionality for project costing.
Prompts
Prompts are the options for each cabinet that can be changed on an individual product level.
Prompts Drawing Tokens
Prompts Drawing Tokens are tokens added to the prompts tab in a product and allow the user control of what is drawn for different views of the cabinet such as the elevation view, floor plan view, cross-section view, and other 2D views.
Prompts Interface
The Prompts Interface is a screen that allows you to access and change the prompts of a product.
Prompts Tab
The Prompts Tab is a spreadsheet tab that contains all the prompts, hidden prompts, and prompt drawing tokens for a product.
Proud
To be Proud is to protrude or stick out just a bit above the surface of a part.  See Flush and Shy.
Pulls
A Pull is the handle of a cabinet door or drawer front.

Q

Quarter Sawn
Quarter Sawn is when boards have been cut so that the wide surfaces are approximately 90 degrees to the annual growth rings, this type of cut reduces cupping of the boards.

R

R41 file
An R41 file is an output file that Microvellum creates containing all of the information that ARDIS can read to optimize the part.
Rabbet (Rebate)
A Rabbet (Rebate) is a recess or groove cut into the edge of a part.
Radio Button
A Radio Button is a prompt control type that gives the user at least two options to select from and only allows one option to be selected at a time.
Rail
A Rail is a horizontal member between chair legs or between styles or vertical members of a door frame.
Raised Panel
A Raised Panel is a door style that contains a profile route along the inside of the door's edges.
Ramp Lead-In
See Lead-In.
Ramp Lead-Out
See Lead-Out.
Ramping
Ramping is a motion used to start a router at the top of a panel and then slowly ramp to the depth needed for the machining operation or vice versa.
Real-Time Labels
Real-Time Labels are used with some CNC saws, they are similar to Labels on Demand, but the labels are printed automatically when the part is cut. 
Rear Stretcher
A Rear Stretcher is a supporting cabinet part that is placed at the back of the cabinet, runs between the two sides, and is the inside width of the cabinet. 
Rendering
Rendering is the process of converting 3D wire drawings into a solid format that often includes color, grain patterns, and shading.  A photo-realistic representation is created that can be used to visualize products before production.
Report Designer (Software Feature)
The Report Designer Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables access to Microvellum's robust Report Designer tools for report and label creation and editing.
Reports
Reports are created after processing Microvellum information and contain the processed data in an organized manner.
Reveals
Reveals are the distance from the outside edge of a side to the edge of the door.  Reveals can be changed in the prompts of a cabinet but are usually determined by the hinge that is being used on the door.
Reverse Bevel Hinges
On Reverse Bevel Hinges the frame wing wraps two sides of the frame and allows the door to overlap the frame, the door wing accepts a door with the mounting edge sloping inward.
Right EP
A Right EP is a right end panel.
Rip-Cut 
A Rip-Cut is a cut that runs through the length of a board parallel to the grain.
Rollout
A Rollout is a drawer box that has no drawer front and is usually behind closed doors.
Rotation
Rotation will rotate a part in the x, y, or z origin.
Router
A Router is a machine with a high-speed motor and a collet that accepts profile bits to cut dados, rabbets, or shapes.
Run Face 6 Operations First (Software Feature)
The Run Face 6 Operations First Feature for Microvellum Software enables the ability to process bottom-side (face 6) machining first on nested sheets.

S

Saw Kerf
See Kerf.
Sawing Code Generation (Software Feature)
The Sawing Code Generation Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables optimization and machine (Saw) specific programs to be generated for rectangular parts.  View reports that include: material type, quantities, and part dimensions.
Sawing Optimization (Software Feature)
The Sawing Optimization Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables features to optimize parts on rectangular material for non-CNC production.  Provides access to reports that include: material type, quantities, and part dimensions.
Saws
A Saw is a machine type that is used to cut panel sheets into parts.  A saw can also be used to create dados.
Scheduling
Scheduling is establishing a flow through the manufacturing process taking into consideration product, job priority, machine availability, and completion dates.  This is often plotted out using Flow or Gant Charts.  
Scrap Management (Software Feature)
The Scrap Management Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables tools to track and reuse scrap material for use on future saw and nest optimization.
Scribe Route
A Scribe Route is a routing operation on scribes to make it easier to scribe it to the wall.
Scribes
A Scribe is part of the face frame that overhangs the side of a cabinet box, This scribe can be trimmed on the job site to fit the wall.
Secondary Wood
Secondary Wood is wood of lesser value in a cabinet, that is used for the sides or not seen.
Sections
A Section is a shop drawing of the interior of a room or project as if part of it were removed.  The removed portion is always a straight plane parallel to the exterior.  There are 4 major types.  A Plan Section is a view from the top down similar to a Plan View, but with a portion sliced away.  An Elevation Section is similar to an Elevation View, but with a portion sliced away.  A Cross Section is a view from the side, either left or right, once again with a portion sliced away.  The Cross Section is the most commonly used and is present in almost all submittal drawings.  The last is a Detail Section which is a blowup of a small area of a Plan, Elevation, or Cross Section.
Semi Captured Back
The Semi-Captured Back construction method captures the back on the sides and bottom parts.
Server Import (Software Feature)
The Server Import Feature (module) for Microvellum Software provides end-users with the ability to integrate 3rd party application processes into Microvellum’s automated production processes.
Server Work Order Creation (Software Feature)
The Server Work Order Creation Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables unattended batch processing of production reports and all machining information.
Server Work Order Processing (Software Feature)
The Server Work Order Processing Feature (module) for Microvellum Software provides end-users the ability to divert processing to a separate, dedicated channel; allowing more time for engineering and other tasks.
Setmill
The Setmill is the starting point of a routing or sawing operation.
Shelf Clip
A Shelf Clip is a hardware piece placed in an adjustable shelf hole that holds the shelf in place.
Shelf Clip Gap
The Shelf Clip Gap is the space between the edge of the shelf and a cabinet side.  This is a parameter in the Associative Adj. Shelf Holes token that must be set correctly in order for the machining to be displayed.
Shelf Standard Gap
The Shelf Standard Gap is the space between the edge of the shelf and a cabinet side.  This is a parameter in the Associative Adj. Shelf Standard token that must be set correctly in order to be displayed.
Shelf Standards
Shelf Standards utilize a metal piece of hardware that is placed in a dado groove and used in place of adjustable shelf holes.
Shipping (Software Feature)
The Shipping Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables the Shipping components for Microvellum Production - Create and manage all your shipping in one convenient connection system.
Shipping Labels
Shipping Labels are labels used to track products that ship from a shop.
Shop Drawings
Shop Drawings are drawings of products or projects complete with the needed design information to allow the manufacturing process to be performed and monitored on the factory floor.  They usually contain material callouts, multiple views, hole diameters and locations, route depths and radii, assembly instructions, etc.
Shop Floor Data Collection
Shop Floor Data Collection is the collecting of labor hours, material usage and location, scrap, etc. through the manufacturing process and applying it to accounting procedures to perform payroll, job costing, material requisitions, and purchasing functions.
Shy
To be Shy is to be a little below the surface. See Proud and Flush.
Single Part Editor (Software Feature)
The Single Part Editor Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables the Single Part Editor (CAD/CAM) Pallet in Toolbox for creating and editing parts.  This robust tool pallet accesses the routing, drilling, and sawing tools defined in Microvellum - allowing you to make changes or program custom parts for your CNC.
Sink Cabinets (Library Category)
The Sink Cabinets Library Category contains products that are designed to contain a sink.
Slab
A Slab is a door style that is just a single piece of door.
Slatwall
A Slatwall is a part with slots running horizontally that is used in retail fixtures. Slatwall supports specialized hardware like hanging pegs or shelves that fit into the slots.
Slide Gap
The Slide Gap is the gap between the drawer box side and the cabinet side.  This is a parameter in the machining token Associative Drawer Slides that must be set correctly to have the machining displayed.
Solid Model Analyzer (Software Feature)
The Solid Model Analyzer Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables advanced analysis of 3D solids in Toolbox, generating CNC-ready Microvellum products.
Solid Modeling Tools: Custom Tools (Software Feature)
The Solid Modeling Tools: Custom Tools Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables access to the Custom Tools found within the Solid Modeling Tools pallet of Toolbox.  Create custom products, furniture, and other cabinetry with ease. 
Solid Modeling Tools: Extruded Tools (Software Feature)
The Solid Modeling Tools: Extruded Tools Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables access to the Extruded Tools found within the Solid Modeling Tools pallet of Toolbox.  Create complex reception areas, display fixtures, and other architectural millwork with ease. 
Splash
A Splash is a part on a countertop that connects to the countertop but is placed along the wall.
Spline
A Spline is a thin strip of wood fitted between two grooves to make a joint.
Spoil Board
The Spoil Board is waste material used on nesting machines to help hold down a panel that is being cut on the machine.
Spoil Board Penetration
Spoil Board Penetration is the amount a router tool will cut into the spoil board.
Spreader
A Spreader is a stabilizing cabinet part cut to the inside width of the cabinet that is placed in the front and back of the cabinet.  These are also known as stretchers.
Spreadsheet Editor (Software Feature)
The Spreadsheet Editor Feature (module) for Microvellum Software is an advanced customization interface allowing you to quickly edit the parametric formula logic of your products.
Stay-Down Nesting
The Stay-Down Nesting Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables the nesting optimizer to generate patterns that contain one tool path for all part borders within the nest.
Stile
A Stile is a vertical member of a door framework attached to the horizontal rails.
Stop Dado
A Stop Dado is a regular dado that ends before reaching the edge of part.
Stretcher
A Stretcher is a stabilizing cabinet part cut to the inside width of the cabinet that is placed in the front and back of the cabinet.  These are also known as spreaders.
Style (Stile)
A Style (Stile) is a vertical member of a door framework attached to the horizontal rails.
Subassemblies Tab
The Subassemblies Tab is a spreadsheet tab that contains all the subassemblies that are assigned to a product.
Subassembly
A Subassembly is an individual product containing its own cut parts and hardware parts that can be placed inside of another product.  All drawers and doors are default subassemblies in products.
Subassembly Inserts
A Subassembly Insert is a subassembly that is added to a product through the drawing.  Subassembly Inserts allow you to create custom products and modify cabinets very easily.
Surface Mount Hinges
On Surface Mount Hinges both wings of the hinge are mounted to the outside surfaces of the cabinet door and frame.
Suspended Cabinets Library Category
The Suspended Cabinets Library Category contains products that are placed below a countertop.

T

T-Slot
A T-Slot is a slot milled in the shape of an upside down T to hold special bolts for clamps or jigs.
Tab
A Tab is a small piece of material that is left between parts during a machining operation.  In a center-line nest, the router is lifted at the tab so it doesn't cut through the material at that point in the nest.  The router will then come back at the end of the nesting sequence and cut the tab off.  Using Tabs helps hold down the parts while the CNC is machining.
Table Saw
A Table Saw is a circular saw mounted under a table with height and angle adjustments for the blade.
Tall Cabinets
A library category that contains products that are placed on the floor but are taller than base cabinets.
Taper Cut
A cut where the width decreases from one end to the other.
Tapered Die Wall
A Tapered Die Wall is a die wall product that is tapered at the bottom.
Template Folder
The Template Folder contains all the files that are copied to every new Microvellum project.
Tenon
A Tenon is a projection made by cutting away the wood around it. The Tenon is inserted into a mortise to make a mortise and tenon joint.
TenonCam Construction (Software Feature)
The TenonCam Construction Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables TenonCam construction options in the product library data.
Thick Back
A Thick Back is a cabinet part used for the back made out of a thicker material.
Toe Kick
A Toe Kick is a space left at the bottom of a cabinet to allow for a person's feet to occupy while standing close to the cabinet between the base cabinet and the floor.  Shops have the option of building the toe kick attached or detached.  Face-frame cabinets usually notch a 4x3 inch cut out for the toe kick on the cabinet ends allowing the cabinet end to sit on the floor.
Toe Kick Notch
A Toe Kick Notch is a notch cut out of the sides of a cabinet to create a toe kick, it can be used instead of using a toe kick base assembly.
Tongue and Groove
Tongue and Groove is a joinery method where a board has a protruding tongue on one edge and a groove on the other, the tongue of one board fits into the groove of the next.
Tool Compensation
Tool Compensation is the side a tool cuts a routing operation from.  Left compensation means that tool will run on the left side of the line.  Right compensation means the tool will run on the right side of the line.  Center compensation means the tool will run directly on the line.
Tool Diameter
Tool Diameter is simply the diameter of the tool.  This measurement must usually be entered in metric units in Microvellum.
Tool File
The Tool File is used to create g-code for CNC machines.  The tool file contains settings that change the output of the g-code file or how nesting operations are run.  Every CNC machine usually needs a unique tool file to write specific g-code for the machine.
Tool Kerf
See Kerf.
Tool Number
The Tool Number is a unique number assigned to each tool on a CNC machine.  This number is set in the tool file.
Toolbox
Toolbox is Microvellum's AutoCAD-based design software.
Toolpathing
To create specific tool selection and instructions in binary language such as axis direction, feed speeds, and bit rotations, and pass that information to CNC machining centers.
Touch Latch
A Touch Latch is a piece of hardware used to latch a door in place and then unlatch the door by pressing in on the door.
True 32 System
A True 32 System is a production strategy used for modular cabinets, founded by the Europeans where holes used for things such as adjustable shelves are on 32mm center-to-center.  All CNC machines in the woodworking industry with drill packs have their drill heads on 32mm centers.  In most cases, the same shelf-holes also act as placement holes for items such as hinges and drawer slides. 
True Shape Nesting (Software Feature)
The True Shape Nesting Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables irregularly shaped part optimization within the nesting optimizer.
Turning
A Turning is a profile that runs along four edges of a panel.  Usually done to create decorative table legs or staircase rails. 

U

Upper Cabinets Library Category
The Upper Cabinets Library Category contains products that are hung on a wall and placed above base cabinets.
User Files
The User Files folder in the Microvellum root directory contains profiles, turnings, hardware, router, and molding drawing files that can be used in Microvellum.  User files are unit-specific.

V

Valance
A Valance is a board running horizontally between two cabinets on each side of a window or opening.  It covers the top of the cabinet as well as the support system.  Styles include arched valance, valance solid, or raised panel.  A Valance can also be an additional amount added to the bottom of an upper cabinet side to extend the cabinet side below the cabinet.
Validation Code
A Validation Code is a code used to verify that the information entered in a prompt is valid. 
Varnish
Varnish is a liquid preparation that dries to a hard lustrous coating.
Vee Joint 
A Vee Joint is a tongue and groove joint with the top corners beveled so when the two boards come together a V is formed.
Veneer
A Veneer is a thin piece (1/32 of an inch) of solid wood attached with glue to a substrate (usually either particleboard or hardboard).  Veneered components are more uniform in finish and grain consistency.  Veneered center panels in doors provide stability by minimizing shrinking and expansion in dry and moist climates thereby eliminating cracking and splitting.
Vertical drill
A Vertical Drill is a drill on a machining center that is used to drill all holes on the face of a part.  Most machines use multiple vertical drills of various diameters.
Vertical Saw 
A Vertical Saw is a saw that allows the user to place a sheet vertically and move the saw blade through the stationary part.
Viewport
A Viewport is the individual Model Space view in the Paper Space environment of AutoCAD.  For example, to create a new Model Space view on a Paper Space page, you make a new Viewport.
VLOOKUP
VLOOKUP is an Excel formula function used to find a variable in a lookup table.

W

Wall Cleat
A Wall Cleat is a cabinet part that is placed on the back of a cabinet, hidden from view to help fasten the cabinet to the wall.  Also known as a Nailer.
Wall Filler
A Wall Filler is a small piece of wood used to fill in gaps between cabinets and walls.
Wall Paneling
Wall Paneling is made up of large panels of wood, usually with carvings, that are applied to a wall to give it a more decorative look.
Warp
To Warp is to bend or twist to the pull of the grain in the wood.
Wedge Scanner
A Wedge Scanner is a type of scanner that plugs into a computer through the keyboard plug-in that scans barcodes.
Work Orders (Software Feature)
The Work Orders Feature (module) for Microvellum Software enables functionality for the creation, importing, and exporting of work orders.

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